June 23, 2024

Cooling capacity is the ability of a cooling system to remove heat from a building or an environment. The normal cooling capacity is the amount of heat that can be removed by the cooling system under standard operating conditions. This capacity is determined by various factors such as the size of the cooling system, the number of cooling coils, the type of cooling system, and the type of refrigerant used. It is important to understand what is considered normal cooling capacity in order to ensure that the cooling system is functioning properly and efficiently.

Quick Answer:
Normal cooling capacity refers to the amount of cooling that a system or device is designed to provide under normal operating conditions. This can vary depending on the specific application and the environment in which the system is used. For example, a building’s cooling system may be designed to provide a certain amount of cooling capacity to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature during normal business hours. Similarly, a computer’s cooling system may be designed to dissipate a certain amount of heat generated by the CPU and other components during normal use. In general, normal cooling capacity is determined by the amount of heat that needs to be removed from a system or device to maintain safe and efficient operation.

Understanding Cooling Capacity

What is Cooling Capacity?

Cooling capacity refers to the ability of a system or device to dissipate heat generated during operation. It is typically measured in watts or kilowatts and indicates the maximum amount of heat that can be removed from a specific area or component.

Cooling capacity is essential for maintaining safe operating temperatures in various applications, including computers, data centers, power plants, and industrial processes. Without adequate cooling capacity, equipment can overheat, leading to reduced efficiency, increased downtime, and potential damage to the system.

There are several factors that can affect cooling capacity, including airflow, temperature, humidity, and the type of cooling system used. Different cooling systems have different capacities, and selecting the right system for a specific application is critical to ensuring optimal performance and efficiency.

Understanding cooling capacity is essential for designing and maintaining systems that require efficient heat dissipation. Proper cooling capacity planning can help prevent equipment failure, reduce energy consumption, and extend the lifespan of the system.

Factors Affecting Cooling Capacity

When it comes to determining what is considered normal cooling capacity, there are several factors that must be taken into account. These factors can affect the ability of a cooling system to effectively dissipate heat and maintain optimal temperatures. In this section, we will explore the various factors that can impact cooling capacity.

  1. Size and Layout of the Cooling System: The size and layout of the cooling system can have a significant impact on its overall cooling capacity. A larger cooling system will generally have a higher cooling capacity than a smaller one, as it will be able to dissipate more heat. Similarly, the layout of the cooling system can affect its efficiency. For example, a system with multiple smaller radiators may be more effective than a single large radiator, as it can provide more surface area for heat dissipation.
  2. Airflow: Airflow is a critical factor in determining the cooling capacity of a system. The more air that is able to flow through the cooling system, the more heat it will be able to dissipate. This is why larger fans or more powerful air-conditioning units can provide a significant boost to cooling capacity.
  3. Heat Generation: The amount of heat that is being generated by the system is another important factor to consider. A system that is generating a large amount of heat will require a higher cooling capacity in order to keep temperatures under control. This is why high-performance systems, such as gaming computers, often require more powerful cooling solutions.
  4. Environmental Factors: Environmental factors can also impact the cooling capacity of a system. For example, a system located in a hot and humid environment will require more cooling capacity than one in a cooler, drier environment. Similarly, the presence of dust or other airborne particles can impede airflow and reduce the effectiveness of the cooling system.
  5. Quality of Components: The quality of the components used in the cooling system can also impact its overall cooling capacity. High-quality components, such as efficient fans or advanced heat sinks, can provide a significant boost to the system’s ability to dissipate heat. Conversely, low-quality components may be less effective at cooling and may require more frequent replacement.

In conclusion, the factors affecting cooling capacity are numerous and interrelated. Understanding these factors is crucial for determining what is considered normal cooling capacity for a given system. By taking into account the size and layout of the cooling system, airflow, heat generation, environmental factors, and quality of components, it is possible to optimize the cooling capacity of a system and ensure that it is able to maintain optimal temperatures.

Measuring Cooling Capacity

Measuring cooling capacity is a crucial step in determining the appropriate cooling system for a building or facility. The capacity of a cooling system is typically measured in terms of the amount of heat that it can remove from a given space in a given amount of time. This is usually expressed in terms of the amount of heat that can be removed per hour (BTU/hour) or per minute (BTU/minute).

There are several methods for measuring cooling capacity, including:

  1. Manual J calculation: This is a standardized method for calculating the cooling load of a building based on factors such as the building’s size, layout, insulation, and window area.
  2. Load calculation software: These are computer programs that can calculate the cooling load of a building based on the same factors as the manual J calculation.
  3. In-situ measurements: This involves measuring the temperature and humidity of the air in the space to be cooled, as well as the air flow through the cooling system.

Regardless of the method used, it is important to ensure that the cooling capacity is appropriate for the size and layout of the building, as well as the climate in which it is located. An undersized cooling system may not be able to keep up with the cooling demand of the building, while an oversized system may waste energy and lead to higher operating costs.

The Importance of Normal Cooling Capacity

Key takeaway:
Cooling capacity is the ability of a system or device to dissipate heat generated during operation. It is measured in watts or kilowatts and indicates the maximum amount of heat that can be removed from a specific area or component. Cooling capacity is important for maintaining safe operating temperatures in various applications, including computers, data centers, power plants, and industrial processes. The factors affecting cooling capacity include the size and layout of the cooling system, airflow, heat generation, environmental factors, and quality of components. To ensure optimal performance and efficiency, it is important to properly size and layout the cooling system, optimize airflow, control heat generation, manage environmental factors, and use high-quality components.

Why is Normal Cooling Capacity Important?

In any industrial or commercial setting, cooling capacity is an essential factor to consider. Normal cooling capacity refers to the ability of a system to remove heat generated by the equipment, processes, or people in a building or facility. This heat removal is crucial for maintaining the safety and productivity of the workplace. In this section, we will explore why normal cooling capacity is important and what makes it a critical component of any cooling system.

Comfort and Productivity

One of the primary reasons why normal cooling capacity is important is that it directly impacts the comfort and productivity of the people working in the building. When the temperature is too high, people may experience discomfort, which can lead to reduced productivity, increased absenteeism, and decreased morale. In some cases, high temperatures can even be hazardous to health, especially for people with certain medical conditions.

By ensuring that the normal cooling capacity is sufficient, building owners and managers can create a comfortable environment that supports the well-being and productivity of occupants. A comfortable environment also helps to reduce stress and fatigue, leading to improved decision-making and problem-solving abilities.

Equipment Protection

Another reason why normal cooling capacity is important is that it helps to protect the equipment and machinery used in the building. Many machines and systems generate heat during operation, and this heat can damage the equipment if it is not removed promptly. High temperatures can cause mechanical failure, reduced efficiency, and even fires, leading to costly repairs and downtime.

By ensuring that the normal cooling capacity is sufficient, building owners and managers can prevent equipment damage and prolong the lifespan of the machinery. This, in turn, can help to reduce maintenance costs and improve the overall efficiency of the building.

Energy Efficiency

Finally, normal cooling capacity is important because it affects the energy efficiency of the building. A system with insufficient cooling capacity may need to work harder and use more energy to maintain the desired temperature, leading to higher energy bills and a larger carbon footprint.

By optimizing the normal cooling capacity, building owners and managers can reduce energy consumption and lower their carbon footprint. This can lead to significant cost savings over time, as well as improved sustainability and environmental performance.

In conclusion, normal cooling capacity is an essential component of any cooling system, and it has a direct impact on the comfort, productivity, equipment protection, and energy efficiency of the building. By ensuring that the normal cooling capacity is sufficient, building owners and managers can create a safe, comfortable, and efficient environment that supports the well-being and success of the occupants.

Consequences of Inadequate Cooling Capacity

Inadequate cooling capacity can have severe consequences for both individuals and businesses. Here are some of the most significant consequences of inadequate cooling capacity:

  • Discomfort: When the cooling system is not functioning properly, the indoor temperature can become too warm, leading to discomfort for the occupants. This can result in increased irritability, fatigue, and reduced productivity.
  • Health Problems: Extreme heat can lead to health problems such as heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and dehydration. These conditions can be life-threatening, especially for older adults, young children, and individuals with pre-existing medical conditions.
  • Equipment Damage: Inadequate cooling can cause equipment to overheat, leading to malfunction or even permanent damage. This can be particularly problematic for businesses that rely on sensitive electronic equipment, such as data centers or manufacturing facilities.
  • Energy Waste: When the cooling system is not functioning efficiently, it can result in increased energy consumption and higher utility bills. This can be particularly problematic for businesses that operate in hot climates or have large facilities to cool.
  • Customer Comfort: For businesses that rely on customer satisfaction, such as restaurants or retail stores, inadequate cooling can lead to customer discomfort and reduced satisfaction. This can result in lost revenue and a damaged reputation.

Overall, inadequate cooling capacity can have significant consequences for both individuals and businesses. It is essential to ensure that the cooling system is functioning properly to avoid these issues.

Energy Efficiency and Cost Savings

Energy efficiency and cost savings are critical factors to consider when discussing normal cooling capacity. As energy costs continue to rise, it is essential to understand how normal cooling capacity can impact the efficiency of cooling systems and ultimately lead to cost savings.

  • Optimal operating conditions: Normal cooling capacity allows cooling systems to operate at optimal conditions, resulting in improved energy efficiency. By operating at optimal conditions, cooling systems can provide the required cooling output while consuming less energy, reducing energy costs.
  • Reduced wear and tear: Cooling systems that operate within normal cooling capacity experience reduced wear and tear, which can extend the lifespan of the system. By reducing the strain on the system, normal cooling capacity can help to prevent breakdowns and the need for costly repairs or replacements.
  • Reduced downtime: Normal cooling capacity ensures that cooling systems operate at maximum efficiency, reducing the risk of downtime due to system failures. Downtime can be costly, and by maintaining normal cooling capacity, businesses can avoid the financial impact of lost productivity.
  • Seasonal adjustments: Normal cooling capacity can also help businesses adjust to seasonal changes in cooling demand. By adjusting cooling capacity to meet changing demand, businesses can avoid overcooling, which can lead to wasted energy and increased costs.

In conclusion, energy efficiency and cost savings are crucial considerations when discussing normal cooling capacity. By operating within normal cooling capacity, cooling systems can provide the required cooling output while consuming less energy, reducing energy costs. Additionally, normal cooling capacity can help to extend the lifespan of cooling systems, reduce downtime, and adjust to seasonal changes in cooling demand.

Comfort and Health

The normal cooling capacity of a building or space is a crucial aspect to consider for both comfort and health. A comfortable indoor environment is essential for occupants to feel at ease and work or live productively. On the other hand, a poorly ventilated or overheated space can negatively impact the health and well-being of occupants.

One of the primary factors that determine the comfort level of a space is its temperature. The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) recommends a temperature range of 20-24°C (68-75°F) for comfortable indoor conditions. However, this range can vary depending on factors such as humidity, activity level, and clothing.

In addition to temperature, indoor air quality also plays a significant role in determining the comfort level of a space. Poor air quality can lead to health issues such as allergies, asthma, and respiratory infections. It can also cause fatigue, headaches, and other discomforts.

To ensure optimal comfort and health, it is essential to maintain proper cooling capacity in a building or space. This involves using appropriate cooling equipment, regular maintenance, and proper design and layout of the space. By doing so, occupants can enjoy a comfortable and healthy indoor environment that supports their well-being and productivity.

Understanding Normal Cooling Capacity Levels

Determining Normal Cooling Capacity

The determination of normal cooling capacity levels is crucial in assessing the efficiency of a cooling system. The normal cooling capacity is the amount of heat that a cooling system can remove from a space within a specified time frame, without causing any damage to the equipment or occupants. The determination of normal cooling capacity is typically based on several factors, including the size of the space, the number of occupants, and the level of activity within the space.

The size of the space is an important factor in determining normal cooling capacity levels. The larger the space, the more cooling capacity is required to maintain a comfortable temperature. The number of occupants is also an important factor, as the amount of heat generated by a group of people can vary significantly depending on the size of the group and the level of activity. In addition, the level of activity within the space can also affect the normal cooling capacity levels, as activities such as cooking or using electronic equipment can generate additional heat.

In order to determine normal cooling capacity levels, it is necessary to conduct a thorough assessment of the space and its intended use. This assessment should take into account all of the relevant factors, including the size of the space, the number of occupants, and the level of activity. Once these factors have been taken into account, it is possible to determine the normal cooling capacity required to maintain a comfortable temperature within the space.

In conclusion, determining normal cooling capacity levels is an important aspect of ensuring that a cooling system is operating efficiently. The size of the space, the number of occupants, and the level of activity within the space are all important factors that must be taken into account when determining normal cooling capacity levels. By conducting a thorough assessment of these factors, it is possible to determine the normal cooling capacity required to maintain a comfortable temperature within the space.

Factors Influencing Normal Cooling Capacity

Normal cooling capacity refers to the ability of a system or component to dissipate heat and maintain a safe operating temperature. The factors that influence normal cooling capacity can vary depending on the specific application and environment. In this section, we will discuss some of the key factors that can affect normal cooling capacity.

  1. Size and shape of the object: The size and shape of an object can have a significant impact on its cooling capacity. Larger objects typically have a greater surface area, which allows for more efficient heat dissipation. However, the shape of the object can also play a role, as some shapes may promote better airflow and heat transfer.
  2. Material composition: The material composition of an object can also influence its cooling capacity. For example, metals typically have a higher thermal conductivity than plastics, which means they can dissipate heat more efficiently. However, the specific properties of the material, such as its density and specific heat capacity, can also impact its cooling capacity.
  3. Environmental factors: Environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, and airflow can also impact normal cooling capacity. For example, higher temperatures can increase the rate of heat generation, while lower temperatures can slow down heat dissipation. Similarly, higher humidity can reduce the effectiveness of airflow, while lower humidity can improve it.
  4. Operating conditions: The operating conditions of an object can also impact its cooling capacity. For example, objects that are subject to high loads or rapid changes in temperature may require more efficient cooling systems to maintain safe operating temperatures. Additionally, objects that are used in harsh environments, such as high-vibration or high-shock applications, may require specialized cooling solutions to ensure reliable operation.
  5. Design and layout: The design and layout of an object can also impact its cooling capacity. For example, objects with good airflow design, such as proper placement of vents and openings, can promote more efficient heat transfer and dissipation. Similarly, objects with good thermal insulation can reduce heat transfer and improve cooling capacity.

Overall, the factors that influence normal cooling capacity are complex and interrelated. Understanding these factors is essential for designing effective cooling solutions that can meet the specific needs of different applications and environments.

Regional and Seasonal Variations

Normal cooling capacity levels can vary depending on regional and seasonal factors. These variations can be attributed to differences in climate, temperature, humidity, and the types of buildings and infrastructure present in different regions.

Climate and Temperature

Climate and temperature play a significant role in determining normal cooling capacity levels. In regions with hot and humid climates, such as the southern United States, normal cooling capacity levels may be higher than in regions with milder climates, such as the northern United States or Canada. This is because hot and humid climates require more energy to cool buildings, and thus, normal cooling capacity levels are higher to meet the increased demand.

Humidity

Humidity levels can also impact normal cooling capacity levels. In regions with high humidity, such as coastal areas, normal cooling capacity levels may be higher due to the increased need to remove moisture from the air. This can put additional strain on cooling systems, and thus, normal cooling capacity levels are adjusted accordingly.

Types of Buildings and Infrastructure

The types of buildings and infrastructure present in a region can also impact normal cooling capacity levels. For example, in regions with a high concentration of industrial facilities, normal cooling capacity levels may be higher due to the increased demand for cooling in these facilities. Similarly, in regions with a high concentration of office buildings or residential buildings, normal cooling capacity levels may be higher due to the increased demand for cooling in these types of structures.

In conclusion, normal cooling capacity levels can vary significantly based on regional and seasonal factors. It is important to consider these variations when determining what is considered normal cooling capacity in a particular region or season.

Age and Condition of HVAC System

When determining what is considered normal cooling capacity, the age and condition of the HVAC system is a crucial factor to consider. The older the system, the less efficient it becomes, and the more likely it is to break down. This can affect the system’s ability to cool the building effectively.

In addition to age, the condition of the HVAC system is also important. If the system has not been properly maintained, it may not be functioning at its optimal level. This can also impact the system’s cooling capacity.

Proper maintenance of the HVAC system, including regular cleaning and replacement of filters, can help ensure that the system is functioning at its best. This can help to maximize the system’s cooling capacity and prevent breakdowns.

In summary, the age and condition of the HVAC system can greatly impact what is considered normal cooling capacity. Regular maintenance and upkeep of the system can help to ensure that it is functioning at its best and able to effectively cool the building.

Maintaining Normal Cooling Capacity

Regular Maintenance

Regular maintenance is essential to ensure that your cooling system is functioning at its best. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Air filters: Regularly replace or clean air filters to prevent dirt and debris from clogging the system and reducing cooling capacity.
  • Clean the condenser coils: Dirt and debris can accumulate on the condenser coils, reducing their efficiency. Clean them regularly to maintain optimal cooling performance.
  • Inspect the refrigerant lines: Check for leaks or damage to the refrigerant lines, which can reduce the cooling capacity of your system.
  • Check the thermostat: Make sure your thermostat is working correctly, as a malfunctioning thermostat can affect the cooling capacity of your system.
  • Inspect the fan motor and blades: The fan motor and blades play a crucial role in circulating air throughout your home. Inspect them regularly for wear and tear and replace them if necessary.
  • Check for any unusual noises: Unusual noises from your cooling system could indicate a problem. If you hear strange sounds, have your system inspected by a professional.

By following these regular maintenance tips, you can help ensure that your cooling system is operating at peak efficiency and maintaining normal cooling capacity.

Tips for Optimal Cooling Performance

Proper Maintenance of Cooling Equipment

Ensuring that your cooling equipment is well-maintained is crucial in maintaining normal cooling capacity. Regular cleaning and inspection of the equipment can help prevent breakdowns and prolong its lifespan.

Adjusting Temperature Settings

Adjusting the temperature settings of your cooling system can also help optimize its performance. Setting the temperature at an appropriate level can prevent the system from working too hard and wearing out prematurely.

Upgrading to Energy-Efficient Equipment

Upgrading to energy-efficient cooling equipment can also help improve its performance. Newer models often come with features that help improve energy efficiency and reduce cooling costs.

Regular Check-Ups

Regular check-ups of your cooling system by a professional can help identify any potential issues before they become serious problems. A technician can also provide tips on how to optimize the system’s performance and extend its lifespan.

Proper Insulation

Proper insulation of your home or building can also help improve its cooling capacity. Insulation can help keep the interior cool by reducing the amount of heat that enters from the outside. This can help reduce the workload on the cooling system and improve its performance.

By following these tips, you can help maintain normal cooling capacity and ensure that your cooling system is working efficiently and effectively.

Addressing Issues with Cooling Capacity

Maintaining a normal cooling capacity is essential for ensuring the efficient operation of a data center. In order to achieve this, it is important to address any issues that may arise with the cooling system.

One common issue that can arise is a lack of airflow due to obstructions in the data center such as servers, cabling, or other equipment. This can result in hot spots and decreased cooling efficiency. It is important to regularly inspect the data center and remove any obstructions to ensure proper airflow.

Another issue that can arise is malfunctioning cooling equipment such as fans or chillers. It is important to regularly maintain and replace these components to ensure they are functioning properly. Additionally, it is important to regularly test the cooling system to ensure it is operating at optimal levels.

Another important aspect of maintaining normal cooling capacity is ensuring that the temperature and humidity levels in the data center are within acceptable ranges. Temperatures that are too high or too low can negatively impact the performance of the equipment and the cooling system. It is important to regularly monitor and adjust the temperature and humidity levels to ensure they are within the acceptable range.

Overall, addressing issues with cooling capacity is critical for maintaining normal cooling capacity in a data center. Regular inspections, maintenance, and testing of the cooling system, as well as monitoring and adjusting temperature and humidity levels, can help ensure the efficient operation of the data center.

Key Takeaways

  1. Understanding Thermal Comfort: It is important to recognize that thermal comfort is subjective and varies from person to person. The range of normal cooling capacity can vary depending on factors such as age, activity level, and individual sensitivity to temperature.
  2. Air Conditioning Efficiency: Regular maintenance of air conditioning systems is crucial to ensure optimal cooling capacity. This includes cleaning or replacing filters, servicing the unit, and ensuring proper insulation and sealing.
  3. Environmental Factors: External factors such as humidity, solar radiation, and wind can affect the perception of heat and the need for cooling. It is important to consider these factors when assessing normal cooling capacity.
  4. Behavioral Adaptation: Simple behavioral changes such as dressing appropriately, using window coverings, and adjusting thermostat settings can have a significant impact on the perception of thermal comfort and the need for cooling.
  5. Energy Efficiency: Optimizing normal cooling capacity not only improves thermal comfort but also reduces energy consumption and costs. It is important to strike a balance between meeting comfort needs and minimizing energy use.

The Importance of Regular Maintenance

Regular maintenance is crucial for ensuring that your cooling system operates at its optimal level. A well-maintained cooling system can help prevent breakdowns, extend the lifespan of your equipment, and improve efficiency. Here are some of the reasons why regular maintenance is so important:

Removing Dirt and Debris

Over time, dirt and debris can accumulate in your cooling system, which can restrict airflow and reduce cooling capacity. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning the coils and fans, can help remove this buildup and prevent it from causing damage to your equipment.

Checking for Leaks

Leaks in your cooling system can cause significant damage over time, leading to reduced cooling capacity and even complete system failure. Regular maintenance, such as checking for leaks and replacing worn gaskets and O-rings, can help prevent these issues from occurring.

Lubricating Moving Parts

Moving parts in your cooling system, such as fans and pumps, require lubrication to operate smoothly. Regular maintenance, such as lubricating these parts, can help reduce friction and wear, leading to improved efficiency and longer lifespan.

Monitoring Temperatures

Monitoring temperatures in your cooling system can help you identify potential issues before they become major problems. Regular maintenance, such as checking temperatures and adjusting settings as needed, can help ensure that your cooling system is operating at its optimal level.

By following a regular maintenance schedule, you can help ensure that your cooling system is functioning properly and efficiently. This can help prevent breakdowns, extend the lifespan of your equipment, and improve overall cooling capacity.

Staying Cool and Comfortable

  • Importance of Thermostat Setting:
    • Setting the thermostat at a comfortable temperature, usually between 68-78°F, can help maintain normal cooling capacity.
    • Adjusting the thermostat during the day to conserve energy and maintain comfort.
  • Air Circulation:
    • Utilizing fans to circulate air and maintain coolness in the room.
    • Positioning fans strategically to increase airflow and reach all areas of the room.
  • Insulation and Weatherstripping:
    • Proper insulation of windows and doors to prevent heat gain and loss.
    • Weatherstripping doors and windows to minimize air leaks and maintain coolness.
  • Proper Use of Lighting:
    • Using energy-efficient lighting, such as LED bulbs, to reduce heat generation.
    • Dimming lights or using natural light when possible to reduce energy consumption and maintain comfort.
  • Use of Appliances and Electronics:
    • Placing appliances and electronics in well-ventilated areas to prevent overheating.
    • Avoiding use of appliances and electronics during peak cooling hours to reduce strain on the cooling system.
  • Maintenance of HVAC System:
    • Regular cleaning and maintenance of the HVAC system to ensure proper functioning and efficiency.
    • Addressing any issues or repairs promptly to avoid further damage and maintain normal cooling capacity.

FAQs

1. What is considered normal cooling capacity?

Normal cooling capacity refers to the ability of a system or device to remove heat and maintain a consistent temperature. This can vary depending on the specific application and design of the system. For example, a personal computer may have a cooling capacity of around 200 watts, while a high-performance server may have a cooling capacity of several thousand watts.

2. How is cooling capacity measured?

Cooling capacity is typically measured in watts or kilowatts. One watt is equal to one joule per second, and kilowatts are simply 1000 watts. Cooling capacity can also be expressed in terms of thermal dissipation, which is the amount of heat that can be removed from a system per unit of time.

3. What factors affect cooling capacity?

Several factors can affect cooling capacity, including the size and complexity of the system, the amount of heat generated by the system, and the efficiency of the cooling mechanism. The environment in which the system is operating can also affect cooling capacity, as temperature, humidity, and airflow can all impact the ability of the cooling system to remove heat.

4. How do I determine the cooling capacity of my system?

To determine the cooling capacity of your system, you will need to consider the specific requirements of your application and the design of your system. You may need to consult with a specialist or engineer to help you assess the cooling needs of your system. It is important to ensure that your system has sufficient cooling capacity to prevent overheating and maintain optimal performance.

Basic Understand about the Air conditioning Cooling capacity

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